Acne is a chronic skin condition that that causes pimples and dark spot. It occurs when your hair follicle becomes plugged with dead skin cells and oil. It usually appears on the forehead, face, neck, shoulder, chest and upper back. The medical name of acne is Acne vulgaris. Causes of acne Acne occurs due to:
Acne is mainly driven by androgen hormone. It is usually stimulated during puberty period. The hormone stimulates the oil glands under the skin to produce more oil or sebum which carries dead cells through the pores. Pimples grow when the hair follicles get blocked causing a build-up of oil under the skin. The oil build-up can clamp together. Once clamped it gets infected with Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) bacteria.
Other possible triggers which may increase the risk of acne
Signs of acne
Symptoms of acne may vary depending on how severe is the condition:
The adverse effect of the problem
A person who suffers from acne for a long period of time may have:
Some may also undergo changes in behavior like:
Preventive measures of acne
Good basic skin care and self-help techniques can prevent and manage acne:
Acne medicine includes:
Dermatologist uses several techniques to know the presence of bacteria such as:
Over-the-counter drug for mild conditions:
Drug for sever conditions:
Melamet (Hydroquinone 2%) is a skin brightener cream that is made up of three key active ingredients namely Hydroquinone 2%, Tretinoin 0.025%, and Mometasone Furoate 0.1 % that contribute to a more healthier and smoother name. “Skin Lite” the generic of Melamet can treat wrinkles and acne on the skin. It is an effective treatment against melasma, pigmentations, and dark spots. It is the first line of defense against any skin disorder.
Adaferin Gel (Adapalene) is a topical medication prescribed for treating, controlling and preventing mild to moderate acne in patients 12 years of age and older. It belongs to the class of drug called retinoid. Adaferin gel helps heal pimples faster by reducing the swelling and inflammation of the skin. It can also decrease the formation of blackheads, spots and Keratosis pilaris.
Aziderm Cream (Azelaic Acid) is an antibacterial skin cream used for treating acne and severe hyperpigmentation. Given its antibacterial nature, Aziderm cream kills bacteria that cause rosacea or acne. Aziderm cream may also be used for treating androgenic alopecia (hair loss) in men and women.
Supatret (Tretinoin Gel Microsphere) is a topical medication used in treating severe acne. It has an ingredient that can replace the cells of existing pimples. It prevents the cells to form new pimples. There are many treatments available for treating acne but this treatment aims to remove the blemishes on your face. It lightens your dark spots and fine lines. Supatret effectively reduces acne. It lessens the chance of pimples to develop. The active ingredient works for removing and lightening of your dark spots.
Tazret Forte Cream (Tazarotene) is a topical medication used to treat acne and different skin problems. It can speed up the process of the renewal of your skin. Tazret forte cream has an active ingredient that helps restore normal cell growth. This treatment is proven effective to lighten dark spots. It also reduces the growth of whiteheads that causes skin discoloration. The drug is effective to relieve pain and itching including the symptoms of psoriasis. This is perfect to cure all skin disorder.
Retino-A Cream 0.025% (Tretinoin) is one of the most prescribed medications for severe acne problems. Retino-A cream has an active ingredient that effectively treats severe acne problem. It belongs to a group of medication known as retinoids.
Tazret Gel (Tazarotene) is a topical retinoid product related to Vitamin A. It is prescribed for treating acne and psoriasis. Tazret gel helps speed up the skin renewal process thereby improving the overall texture of the skin. The active ingredients of Tazret Gel can reduce facial skin discoloration in patients who used other skin care products and sunlight avoidance program.
A Ret (Tretinoin Gel USP) is a topical gel prescribed to patients with severe acne problems. It belongs to the Retinoid group of drugs, a naturally occurring derivative of vitamin A. A Ret contains an ingredient that effectively treats acne. Its active ingredient can also reduce the number of pimples that may develop and promotes the healing of the skin. A Ret is also used for wrinkled and mottled skin. However, it is mostly used in combination with other medications.
Erytop (Clindamycin Phosphate Gel) belongs to a class of drugs called retinoid. It is used to treat moderate to severe acne, acne vulgaris and other skin and structure infections. The active ingredient of Erytop Gel helps reduces the acne outbreaks by preventing the dead cells from clogging the pores. By reducing the outbreaks and clearing the acne, you can also reduce the formation of acne scars.
Acnesol Gel (Clindamycin) is a macrolide antibiotic. It contains an active ingredient used to treat acne, pimples, and other bacterial infections. This medicine decreases the formation of blackheads and helps to renew skin faster. It also helps heal pimples quicker by reducing the skin inflammation and swelling.