Amebiasis is an intestinal illness caused by particular protozoa. The parasite is an amoeba and that’s how the illness got its name. It lives in the large intestine. It invades the linings of the intestine causing bloody diarrhea. In rare cases, it can spread to other organs such as lungs, liver and brain.
Amebiasis occurs in crowded areas that lack sanitation. It’s prevalent in Africa, Southeast Asia, India and Latin America.
Causes of Amebiasis
The parasite resides in the wall of intestines infecting people. The infection can cause conditions like dysentery and colitis. It is contagious. Your chance of having this infection is higher when you have poor hygiene and the place you live is unclean. Other triggers include:
Signs and symptoms of Amebiasis
Symptoms tend to appear 1-4 weeks after ingestion. Symptoms are often mild and can include:
In severe cases, symptoms may include:
The adverse effect of Amebiasis
In some cases, the parasite may invade other organs such as the liver and lungs. The skin around genitals, wounds and buttock may also become infected.
Preventive measures of Amebiasis
Proper sanitation is the key to prevent this infection. To prevent yourself from this parasite, keep the following in mind:
Anti-amoebic medicine includes:
Your doctor will check for the presence of parasites in your stool. Other test includes:
Treatment for Amebiasis
There is no over-the-counter drug available. Treatments are prescribed by a physician. Your doctor may prescribe Metronidazole (Flagyl) for 10 days. Its either you’re going to take it by mouth or directly into the veins. Your doctor may also prescribe medicines for nausea and vomiting. To kill the amoeba in your intestines, your doctor may prescribe Luminal drug and paromomycin.
Nizonide (Nitazoxanide) is an oral prescription drug. It is an antiprotozoal agent used in treating gastrointestinal infections caused by the protozoa Cryptosporidium or Giardia. Protozoa are suspected as the cause of diarrhea which last more than 7 days.
Tiniba (Tinidazole) is an antibacterial and an antiprotozoal agent. The antibacterial property of Tiniba can treat infections of the vagina such as vaginosis and trichomoniasis. Its anti-parasite property can treat parasite infections like amebiasis and giardiasis. This feature is effective to prevent various sorts of infection. It has an ingredient that works to reduce the bacteria and parasites by killing them.
Flagyl (Metronidazole) is an antibiotic that fights bacterial infections and some types of parasites. It is a prescription drug that can treat a wide variety of infections. These include infections that occur in the reproductive system like trichomoniasis. Flagyl can also treat infections that occur in the gastrointestinal tract like amebiasis. It may also be used as a combination therapy that you can take with other medication.