Anticonvulsant is a medication that can control and prevent seizure or epilepsy. Epilepsy is a chronic brain disorder. It affects millions of people around the world. In epilepsy, the brains activity becomes abnormal causing recurrent seizures. Anyone can develop epilepsy. But it’s common among young children and adults.
There are two main types of seizures, the generalized and the focal seizure.
Causes of Epilepsy
Half of those who suffer from this disease have no known causes. The other half may be traced to various factors such as:
Other possible triggers are:
Risk factors for Epilepsy
The risk factor that may increase the risk of having epilepsy includes:
Signs and symptoms of Epilepsy
Symptoms may differ from person to person.
Symptoms of focal seizures include:
Preventive measure for epilepsy
The best way to prevent this disease is to avoid triggers like very strong light and lack of sleep. Certain lifestyle change such as maintaining a healthy diet can also help.
Anticonvulsant medicines are:
To diagnose the condition, your doctor will review your symptoms. Your doctor will also conduct several tests like:
There is no cure for epilepsy. But the symptoms of this disorder can be managed with some strategies and medicines. Most become seizure-free after taking this medicine. If medicine won’t work, your doctor may propose other therapy such as:
Here are few first aid steps that you should keep in mind.
Gabapentin is a prescription drug originally developed for the treatment of epilepsy in people older than 12 years of age. It is also used to treat partial seizures in children 3 to 12 years of age. It may also be prescribed to treat:
Lamitor (Lamotrigine) is a prescription medication used to treat certain types of seizures in people with epilepsy. This drug may be used withother medication to control seizures. It controls the seizure that may result in epilepsy. It’s a drug that also used to treat bipolar disorder. It is also treats a condition such as:
Dicorate ER (Divalproex Sodium) is an anticonvulsant drug. It cures a patient with epilepsy and bipolar disorder. It also prevents symptoms of headache and migraine. It works to decrease onset manic episode. It may be used as part of a combination therapy.