Antiviral drugs are medicines that can treat viral infections. Viral infection is the spreading of viruses inside the body. Viruses are tiny germs made of genetic materials inside a protein coating. It can cause infections like common colds, flu and warts. They can also cause severe illnesses such as smallpox, Ebola and AIDS.
Viruses depend on the host for survival. They invade living cells and use the cells to multiply. It can affect many areas of the body such as the brain, liver and skin. . Viruses are contagious. They can spread in many ways. Some can spread through saliva, touch and air. Other viruses can spread through sexual contact.
Diseases caused by a virus
Viral infection transmission
A virus can spread in many ways such as:
Signs and symptoms of viral infections
Symptoms may vary depending on what part of the body is affected, the type of virus and the general health of the affected person.
Severe symptoms include:
Symptoms for infants include:
The adverse effect of the problem
Some viral infection can cause severely complicated problems like:
Preventive measures of viral infections
Preventive measures include:
Antiviral medicine includes:
Viral infection diagnosis
Viral infection diagnosis is usually based on the symptoms. Your doctor will conduct a lab test to know the type of infection. The test includes:
Viral infection treatment
Some viral infections resolve on their own. The treatment focuses only on relieving the symptoms and not the virus itself. But there are antiviral medicines that work directly on the viruses. Different kinds of antiviral medicines can treat infections like shingles, herpes, chicken pox and HIV.
Tenvir (Tenofovir) is an antiviral medication used for a patient with HIV. It is also used in treating chronic (long0term) HBV among adults and children 12 years and older. It’s a drug used to control the production and multiplication of HIV in the body. Tenvir does not work to cure your condition. It only decreases your chances of having AIDS.
Nevimune (Nevirapine) is an oral antiviral drug. It acts against retroviruses and is highly prescribed for HIV infection. This drug helps to prevent the spread of infection in the body. It works by stopping the rapid growth of the virus in the body. Nevimune is used along with other drugs in treating HIV infections in adults and children. However, this medication does not cure HIV. It only decreases your chances of developing AIDS.
Efavir (Lamivudine + Zidovudine) is an antiviral prescription drug. It is used with other medications to treat Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection Efavir is a treatment used to prevent HIV from spreading. It also reduces your risk from complication that comes with HIV. However, Efavir does not completely cure your condition. It only helps to reduce the spread of infection.
Virovir (Famciclovir) is an oral prescription drug. It is used against several viral infections caused by the Herpes Simplex virus (HSV-1) and Herpes Simplex Virus 2 (HSV-2). It also works against herpes zoster. Virovir is used among patients with a strong immune system and patients who are infected with HIV.
Acivir Dispersible Tablets (Acyclovir) is an antiviral medication. It is used in the treatment of viral infections by varicella-zoster and herpes simplex virus. The varicella-zoster virus is the cause of chickenpox and shingles. Herpes simplex viruses cause cold sores and genital herpes. This medicine is prescribed for the treatment of herpes simplex virus infections of the skin and mucous membranes. It is also used for the prevention and recurrences of infections in patients with a weakened immune system. The effect of this medicine is higher if it started as soon as the symptoms are visible.
Valcivir (Valacyclovir) is an antiviral drug agent. It is used to treat infections caused by herpes simplex virus or HSV, herpes zoster and genital herpes. It is used given for the treatment of infections like:
Valcivir can stop the growth of the herpes simplex virus. However, it doesn’t cure the infection. It only decreases the severity and length of the outbreak. It helps relieve the pain and discomfort and helps heal the sores faster.
ACIVIR (Acyclovir) is an antiviral medication. It is used in treating varieties of infections caused by viruses such as:
Acivir controls the growth of a virus so the body can fight the infection. This medication, however, will not cure the infection. It can only reduce the symptoms that of the infection. This medication will not also work against parasitic infection.
Lamivir (Lamivudine) is an antiviral prescription medication. It is a drug prescribed for the prevention of the HIV (Human immunodeficiency virus) and Hepatitis B virus from multiplying. This drug is used to prevent the spreading of infections. It improves a person’s condition such as:
However, Lamivir is not a cure for these conditions. It only prevents the condition from multiplying or getting worse. A patient with liver or kidney disease may use this medicine with caution.
Zidovir (Zidovudine) is an oral prescription medication. It is an antiviral drug prescribed mainly for the treatment of HIV or Human Immunodeficiency Virus infection. It belongs to the class of nucleoside analog reverse transcriptase (nRTI) inhibitor. However, this medicine is not a cure for HIV, it only prevents it from increasing.
Ocuvir Dispersible Tablets (Acyclovir) is an antiviral agent. It is an oral prescription medication used against the herpes virus that causes infections like genital herpes, chickenpox, shingles and cold sores. Ocuvir is also effective in relieving severe colds, fever blisters on face and lips. However, this medication does not cure the infection. It can only decrease the severity of the condition and the length of the outbreak.