Anyone can acquire Amebiasis or parasite-related conditions. But, it is typical in developing countries that have poor sanitation. Men who have sex with men are also at high risk of infection.
What Triggers Parasite-related Conditions or Amebiasis?
The cause of Amebiasis is the protozoan parasite Entamoeba Histolytica. It is due to contaminated water and food. You can also acquire Amebiasis through direct contact with an infected person. Parasite-related conditions include:
- Chagas disease
- Tapeworm passed through dogs and sheep.
What are the Symptoms of Parasite-related Conditions or Amebiasis?
- Abdominal cramps
- Soft stools with mucus
- Bloody stools
- Excessive gas
- Fatigue or weakness
- Rectal pain during the bowel movement
- Unintentional weight loss
How to Diagnose Parasite-related conditions or Amebiasis?
A doctor may suspect Amebiasis after asking about your health and travel history or assessing the symptoms. You may have to give stool samples for several days to screen for the presence of cysts. Your doctor may order lab tests to check liver function to help determine damages in the liver due to parasites.
When the parasites spread outside the intestine, your doctor may order an ultrasound or CT scan to check for lesions on your liver. If lesions appear, your doctor may need to perform a needle aspiration to see if the liver has abscesses. An abscess in the liver is an Amebiasis-related condition. Colonoscopy can also determine the presence of the parasite in your large intestine.
Treatments for Parasite-related conditions or Amebiasis
Treatment for mild cases of Amebiasis generally consists of a 10-day course of anti-amoebic medication. Your doctor may also prescribe medication to control nausea if you need it. Medications include:
If the parasite is present in your intestinal tissues, the treatment includes the organism and damage to your infected organs. Ensure to finish medication set by your doctor to prevent other conditions.
Preventative Measure Against Parasite-related Conditions
Proper sanitation is the key to avoiding parasitic infection. Seek medical attention when symptoms persist. To prevent the disease, ensure to:
- Wash fruits and vegetables before cooking or eating.
- Ensure to drink purified water.
- Avoid ice cubes or fountain drinks.
- Avoid unpasteurized milk, cheese, and other dairy products.
- Avoid eating uncooked meats.