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Cervical Polyps

Cervical Polyps

April 20, 2024
Cervical Polyps

Cervical polyps are finger-like growths that can develop on the surface of the cervix or inside the cervical canal. These polyps are typically soft, smooth, and red, although they can vary in size. They are usually benign and not a cause for concern, however some polyps might develop into precancers. 

Cervical polyps are prevalent. They are commonly found in women over the age of 40 who have had several children. Polyps are uncommon in young women who have yet to begin menstruating.

What Causes Cervical Polyps?

The specific cause of cervical polyps is unknown. They develop in response to:

·      Chronic inflammation

·      Hormonal changes

·      Clogged blood vessels in the cervix

·      Increased blood flow to the cervix

What are the Symptoms of Cervical Polyps?

Polyps do not usually cause any symptoms and are only discovered during a routine pelvic exam. When symptoms appear, they may include:

·      Vaginal bleeding after sex, between periods, or after menopause.

·      Very heavy menstrual flow

·      Vaginal discharges

Are Cervical Polyps Serious?

In general, cervical polyps are usually benign and not a cause for concern. However, they can cause abnormal bleeding and discomfort, which may affect a woman’s quality of life. In rare cases, cervical polyps may harbor abnormal cells or, very rarely, cancerous cells. This is why it is important to have any polyps removed and tested.

Do Cervical Polyps Need to be Removed?

Cervical polyps do not always need to be removed. 

Depending on the results, you may need further treatment or your cervix will be regularly checked. Sometimes, doctors choose to monitor cervical polyps instead of removing them, especially if they are small and symptom-free.

However, if they are causing bleeding or other symptoms, or if there is concern about the possibility of abnormal or cancerous cells, removal may be recommended.

What is the Best Treatment for Cervical Polyps?

The best treatment for cervical polyps is removal. Special surgical tools are used to remove them while being observed directly. Small polyps can be removed as outpatient procedures with local anesthesia, while larger ones may need general anesthesia.

Can Cervical Polyps be Prevented?

While it’s not always possible to prevent cervical polyps. However, some measures may help reduce the risk of developing them. These include:

·      Getting regular pelvic exams and Pap tests.

·      Maintaining a healthy lifestyle.

·      Avoiding smoking to help reduce the risk of cervical cancer.

When to Seek Further Medical Help

It’s important to seek further medical evaluation if you experience any of the following symptoms:

1.  Heavy vaginal bleeding that isn’t normal for you.

2.  Persistent pelvic pain or discomfort accompanied by abnormal bleeding or changes in vaginal discharge.

3.  Vaginal discharges 

Cervical polyps are often benign and grow on a woman’s cervix. They are often discovered during a routine pelvic exam and do not always need to be removed. However, if they are causing symptoms or are large and difficult to examine, they may need to be removed and tested. 

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