Chat Support (Mon-Sat | 12am-12pm)



February 29, 2024

Croup is a highly contagious respiratory ailment primarily affecting newborns and young children. The disorder causes enlargement in your child’s voice box (larynx) and windpipe (trachea). This results in symptoms such as a distinctive barking cough and ragged breathing. Croup is normally moderate, but the symptoms can be severe and life-threatening.

What is croup?

Croup is a common childhood illness that affects the upper airway, particularly the larynx and trachea. It is most commonly seen in children between the ages of 6 months and 3 years, with boys being more affected than girls.

What are the symptoms of Croup?

Croup generally starts as a common cold. If a youngster experiences enough swelling, discomfort, and coughing, they may develop:

  • Fever
  • Barking cough, resembling a seal or barking seal.
  • Loud or laborious breathing
  • A hoarse voice
  • Nasal congestion
  • Difficulty breathing or rapid breathing

Croup symptoms typically worsen at night and persist for 3 to 5 days.

What causes croup?

Causes of croup include:

The most prevalent cause of croup is a virus.  In addition to the parainfluenza virus, other viruses such as influenza, adenovirus, and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) can also lead to croup.

  • Influenza
    • Parainfluenza
    • RSV
    • Adenovirus
    • Measles

Viral croup creates swelling in your child’s upper airways, making it difficult for them to breathe. However, these viruses are widespread. Most children with viral infections do not develop croup. Bacteria can, on rare occasions, exacerbate the viral illness and make breathing harder.

In some cases, exposure to allergens or environmental irritants may trigger croup symptoms.

How is croup treated?

Most children with croup can be treated at home. However, it can be frightening if they need medical attention. Treatment depends on the severity of symptoms. Comforting Measures include:

  • Comfort and soothe your child to ease distress, as crying can worsen swelling in the airway.
  • Hold them, sing, or read quietly.
  • Provide a favorite blanket or toy and speak soothingly. Fluid Intake:
  • Ensure your child drinks plenty of fluids to stay hydrated. Medications:
  • Corticosteroids like dexamethasone may be prescribed to reduce airway swelling. Improvement usually starts within hours.
  • Epinephrine, delivered via nebulizer, can swiftly reduce swelling in severe cases. Observation in the emergency room may be necessary to monitor the need for further doses.

How to prevent croup?

The best way to prevent croup is to practice good hygiene, such as:

  • Washing hands frequently
  • Avoiding close contact with people who are sick.

Keeping children up to date on their vaccinations can also help to protect against some of the viruses that can cause croup. If a child has croup, keeping them away from others can help to prevent the spread of the virus.

Risk Factors for Croup

Children aged 6 months to 3 years face the highest susceptibility to croup, with boys being more prone to developing it compared to girls. Additionally, those with a history of respiratory issues or premature birth may have an elevated risk. Exposure to cigarette smoke or other air pollutants can further heighten the likelihood of experiencing croup.

When to see a doctor

  • If a child has difficulty breathing or is breathing rapidly
  • If the child’s skin, lips, or nails are turning blue
  • If the child is drooling or having trouble swallowing
  • If the child is unusually tired or irritable
  • If the child’s symptoms last longer than a week
  • If the child has a fever higher than 103.5°F (39.7°C)

Croup is a common childhood illness that can be easily managed with home treatment. However, if the child has difficulty breathing, is unusually tired or irritable, or if the symptoms persist for more than a week, it is important to seek medical attention. Good hygiene, keeping up to date on vaccinations, and avoiding exposure to cigarette smoke and other air pollutants can help to prevent croup.

Top rated products

Recent reviews


All information contained on the Website, including information related to medical and health conditions or products and treatments, is for informational purposes only. It is not meant to serve as a substitute for the advice provided by your own physician or other medical professionals or any information contained on or in any product packaging or labels. This information is thus often presented in a summary or aggregate form.

You should not use any of the information contained on the website for diagnosing a health problem or prescribing a medication. This information is provided by the manufacturers of the products on or in the product packaging and labels for you to carefully read before using any product purchased on the website. It is always advised to consult your own physician and / or medical advisor before buying it.

Trusted Medications Pharmacy © 2023. All rights reserved.