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What Are The Types Of Sexual Dysfunction In Women

What Are The Types Of Sexual Dysfunction In Women

September 14, 2022
What Are The Types Of Sexual Dysfunction In Women

Sexual dysfunction in women generally is classified into four types. The condition is a problem that can happen during any phase of the sexual response cycle. It prevents you from experiencing satisfaction from sexual activity. 

The sexual response cycle traditionally includes excitement, plateau, orgasm, and resolution. Desire and arousal are both parts of the excitement phase of the sexual response. It’s important to know women don’t always go through these phases in order.

What Is Sexual Dysfunction In Women?

Sexual dysfunction in women can prevent a woman from experiencing satisfaction during sex. It may affect your capacity to be aroused, have an orgasm, or enjoy sex without pain. 

This condition may affect about 30% to 40% of women. A lack of desire is the most common complaint. Problems with sex tend to increase as women age, but can affect women at any stage of life. Sexual dysfunction may be temporary or chronic.

What Are The Types Of Sexual Dysfunction In Women?

Sexual dysfunction in women can take many forms and have many causes. It can occur before, during, or even after sex. The most common problems related to sexual dysfunction include:

Causes Sexual Dysfunction in Women

Physical causes of sexual dysfunction in women may include:

  • Blood flow disorders
  • Certain medications and treatments
  • Gynecologic conditions
  • Hormonal changes
  • Particular health conditions (diabetes, arthritis, multiple sclerosis, and heart disease)

Psychological causes of sexual dysfunction in women may include:

  • Depression
  • Stress
  • Past physical or sexual abuse 
  • Relationship issues 


  • Your doctor will likely start by taking a full health history. 
  • Past surgeries, such as a hysterectomy or oophorectomy, may contribute to sexual dysfunction. 
  • A physical exam can also rule out any gynecologic issues. 
  • Your provider may do a pelvic exam and a Pap smear. 
  • Your medications will also be reviewed.

In some cases, other tests such as imaging may be needed. Your provider uses these tests to check for tumors, cysts, or other unusual growths. Blood tests can help diagnose hormone imbalances. Vaginal cultures may be collected to look for an infection. Your doctor will also explore possible psychological causes. Talk openly and honestly about the sexual challenges you’re experiencing.

Medical Treatment for Female Sexual Dysfunction

Women can work with their healthcare team to create a sexual dysfunction treatment plan. It’s important to understand the physical or psychological causes before choosing therapies.

Treatments include:

  • Arousal techniques
  • Counseling
  • Hormone therapy
  • Medication
  • Pain management

Recommended medication:

  • Sildenafil – this is in a class of medications called phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitors. The drug works by increasing blood flow and sensitivity in the vaginal area. It increases the natural lubrication as it enhances the sexual pleasure during intercourse giving women satisfaction. 

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