What are the Three Types of Diabetes Mellitus?
There are different types of diabetes, each with different causes, but they all share the common problem of having too much glucose in your bloodstream. Diabetes mellitus is a group of conditions where the body cannot produce enough or any insulin. It causes the body to improperly use the insulin that is produced, or cannot do a combination of either.
Symptoms of Diabetes Mellitus
- Urinating a lot and very often at night
- Frequent thirst
- Lose weight without trying
- Frequent hunger
- Blurry vision
- Tingling or numbness in the hands or feet
- Dry skin
The Three Types of Diabetes
- Gestational diabetes. It only occurs during pregnancy. If you have never had diabetes before but have high blood glucose levels during pregnancy, you are said to have gestational diabetes. Untreated, it could result in breathing difficulties, obesity, and type 2 diabetes later in life for the baby.
- Type 1 diabetes. It usually develops during childhood or adolescence, but it can occur in adults. Talk to your healthcare provider if you notice that you are feeling extremely thirsty, urinating frequently, feeling extremely hungry, losing weight, feeling fatigued, or experiencing blurred vision.
- Type 2 diabetes. It is the most common form of diabetes. This type of diabetes occurs when your body does not produce enough insulin or does not use it properly. To manage your diabetes and monitor your blood glucose levels, it is important to work closely with your health care team. With proper diet, exercise, and sometimes medication lifestyle, you may delay or avoid insulin therapy.
Lifestyle and Home Treatment for Diabetes Mellitus
- Make a commitment to managing your diabetes and ensure to pay a regular visit to your doctor for proper monitoring.
- Choose healthy foods and maintain a healthy weight. A healthy diet is one with plenty of fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, whole grains, and legumes, with a limited amount of saturated fat.
- Make physical activity part of your daily routine to help prevent prediabetes and type 2 diabetes, and it can help those who already have diabetes to maintain better blood sugar control.
- It’s also a good idea to spend less time sitting still. You can also schedule a yearly physical and regular eye exam.
- Monitor your blood sugar to make sure that it remains within your target range.
Using Acarbose for Diabetes Mellitus Treatment
Acarbose is an oral antidiabetic drug that is used to control the high level of blood sugar among patients with type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. It helps prevents complications of diabetes such as blindness, kidney failure, and, nerve problems. This works in the intestine by slowing the absorption of carbohydrates and lessening the blood sugar rise after eating. It also controls the digestion of carbohydrates from the foods you eat.