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Pet Allergy

Pet Allergy

November 20, 2021
Pet Allergy

Pet allergy is an adverse reaction to proteins found in animal skin cells, urine, and saliva. It is triggered by exposure to the dead flakes of skin and pet sheds. Furry animals are typical causes of pet allergy. If you have a pet allergy, it is better to reduce exposure to the animal as much as possible. Allergens are harmless substances but the immune system can mistakenly react and lead to symptoms of allergy.

Pets that can Trigger Allergy

  1. Dogs and cats. Pets do not set off an allergic reaction. The allergens are from their fur that contains sweat, saliva, and dead skin cells. Pet fur also traps pollen, molds, and other outdoor allergens that lead to sneezing.
  2. Rabbits and small rodents. The dander and saliva of their fur can set off an allergic reaction. And the urine of gerbils, mice, and hamsters also has chemicals that can trigger allergic reactions.
  3. Birds. Their feather can be a breeding ground for mites and they can trigger allergic reactions. The dust in bird droppings can also trigger a reaction.
Pet Allergy

Symptoms of Pet Allergy

  • Chest tightness
  • Trouble breathing and wheezing
  • Coughing
  • Congestion
  • Hives
  • Eczema
  • Watery and itchy eyes
  • Runny nose
  • Skin rash
  • Sneezing

How to Diagnose Pet Allergy?

The diagnosis is based on the symptoms, medical history, tests results, and physical examination. Your doctor can use either a blood test or a skin test to aid in the diagnosis. Allergy testing will show if there is an allergic reaction to the animal. Pet allergens still in the home can cause symptoms months after the animal is gone.

Treatment for Pet Allergy

Medications and treatments are available for pet allergy to manage the adverse effects and asthama. You can use topical medications, creams, and gel to reduce allergy-related skin rash and itching. Antihistamines are over-the-counter medicine to relieve itching, sneezing, and runny nose. Nonetheless, it is better to seek medical help for proper treatment.

Pet Allergy

Preventative Measure for Pet Allergy

  • Keep your pet out of your bedroom.
  • Avoid cuddling your pets, if you do, ensure to wash your hands with soap and water.
  • Give your pet a bath once or twice a week to get rid of dander and other allergens.
  • Keep their area clean by washing their bed, cages, and other surfaces.
  • Visit an allergist and follow the recoomended treatment period.
  • Clean your house using disinfectant and vacuum to remove possible sources of allergens.
  • Remove rugs and carpets that can trap pet allergens.

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