Hair Loss Medications
Hair loss is known as alopecia. It affects the scalp and entire body as a result of heredity, hormonal changes, medical conditions, or a normal part of aging. Anyone can lose hair on their head, but it’s more common in men.
Baldness typically refers to excessive hair loss from your scalp. Hereditary hair loss with age is the most common cause of baldness. Occasionally, people let their hair loss proceed unabated and unhidden. Others may cover it up with hairstyles, makeup, hats, or scarves. Other people opt for one of the treatments that come to prevent further hair loss or restore growth.
Five Symptoms of Hair Loss or Alopecia
- Gradual thinning on top of the head. This is the typical type of hair loss that affects people as they age. In men, hair often begins to recede at the hairline on the forehead. Women typically have a broadening of the part in their hair.
- Circular or patchy bald spots. Bald spots can appear on the scalp, beard, or eyebrows in circular or patchy patterns. Your skin may become itchy or painful before the hair falls out.
- Sudden loosening of hair. A physical or emotional shock can cause hair to loosen. If you comb or wash your hair, or even if you gently tug on your hair, a few hairs may fall out.
- Full-body hair loss. Some conditions and medical treatments, such as chemotherapy for cancer, can result in the loss of hair all over your body.
- Patches of scaling that spread over the scalp. This is a sign of ringworm that is accompanied by broken hair, redness, swelling, and, at times, oozing.
What are the Risk Factors of Hair Loss?
- Family history. The most common cause of hair loss is a hereditary condition that happens with aging.
- Hormonal changes and medical conditions
- Medications and supplements. Hair loss can be a side effect of certain drugs, such as those used for cancer and depression.
- Radiation therapy to the head.
- Hairstyles and treatments. Excessive hairstyling or hairstyles that pull your hair tight.
How to Diagnose Hair Loss?
After taking the physical exam and assessing your symptoms, your doctor may also recommend:
- Blood testing to determine medical conditions that can cause hair loss.
- Pull test to determine the stage of the shedding process by pulling several dozen hairs to see how many come out.
- A scalp biopsy can also examine the hair roots under a microscope. This can help determine whether an infection is causing hair loss.
- Light microscopy. It examines hairs trimmed at their bases and determines possible disorders of the hair shaft.
Treatment for Hair Loss
Treatment often includes hair grafting and using minoxidil products. While using medications for hair loss, avoid exposing your hair to direct sunlight. You can use any of the following: