Erosive Esophagitis: Causes and Treatment
Erosive esophagitis is a type of esophagitis in which there is esophageal damage. Esophagitis is generally categorized by the conditions that cause it. In some cases, more than one factor may be causing esophagitis. Treatment for esophagitis depends on the underlying cause and the severity of tissue damage.
Symptoms of Erosive Esophagitis
- Painful and difficult swallowing
- Chest pain particularly behind the breastbone
- Pain that occurs with eating
- Swallowed food becomes stuck in the esophagus
- Acid regurgitation
What are the Causes of Erosive Esophagitis?
- Refluxed stomach acid. Recurrent backing of stomach acid into the esophagus is the most common cause of esophagitis. Reflux is most commonly seen in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease, a condition in which the muscle at the end of the esophagus does not close correctly.
- Excessive vomiting. Vomit contains acid that can irritate the esophagus, and excessive vomiting can cause inflammation.
- Pills getting stuck. Additionally, it may occur if the esophagus is narrowed by scarring or strictures, or if a motility disorder prevents the muscles of the esophagus from contracting properly enough to push contents into the gastrointestinal tract.
- Infections. These include infections caused by viruses and bacteria. Those with weakened immune systems, such as those with HIV/AIDS, are more likely to contract infections.
- Injury from chemicals. Very strong chemicals can cause life-threatening injuries to the esophagus if ingested.
- Radiation injury. Esophagitis can be caused by radiation therapy in the chest or neck area during cancer treatment.
Treatment for Erosive Esophagitis
Erosive Esophagitis is treated with medications to manage symptoms, manage complications, and treat underlying causes. Treatment strategies vary primarily based on the cause of the disorder. Doctors may recommend over-the-counter treatment, prescription-strength medications, and surgery for the worst conditions.
Pantoprazole for Erosive Esophagitis Treatment
Pantoprazole is a medicine prescribed for stomach and acid-related issues including erosive esophagitis. It works to reduce the amount of acid produced in the stomach. It inhibits the pumping cell in the stomach lining from producing acids. In general, it reduces the production of acid in the stomach.
Lifestyle and Home Treatment for Erosive Esophagitis
- Eat a limited amount of foods that aggravate your symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux. These may include alcohol, caffeine, chocolate, and mint-flavored foods.
- Always take a pill with plenty of water. Don’t lie down for at least 30 minutes after taking a pill.
- Consult your doctor for advice on an appropriate diet and exercise routine to help you lose weight and maintain a healthy weight.
- If you smoke, quit. Talk to your doctor if you need help ending a smoking habit.
- If your left upper heart chamber is enlarged or if you have undergone heart surgery, you should avoid certain pain relievers and antibiotics.
- Calming stress and anxiety may reduce signs and symptoms of heartburn or reflux.