Dyspepsia Symptoms and Treatment
Dyspepsia symptoms are sometimes long-lasting but are typically intermittent. These signs and symptoms resemble those of an ulcer, such as pain or discomfort in your upper abdomen, often accompanied by bloating, belching, and nausea. Dyspepsia is a common problem, affecting up to 30% of the population. Treatment for dyspepsia depends on the cause and severity.
What are the Symptoms of Dyspepsia?
- Early fullness during a meal. It is a feeling of sudden fullness even if you haven’t eaten much of your meal.
- Bloating in the upper abdomen. You feel an uncomfortable sensation of tightness in your upper abdomen.
- Uncomfortable fullness after a meal. The feeling of fullness lasts longer than it should.
- Discomfort in the upper abdomen. You feel a mild to severe pain in the area between the bottom of your breastbone and your belly button.
- Burning in the upper abdomen. It causes an uncomfortable heat or burning sensation between the bottom of your breastbone and your belly button.
- Nausea. You feel as if you want to vomit which may also cause less frequent signs and symptoms like vomiting and belching.
When to See a Doctor?
Seek immediate help if heartburn persists or it bothers your daily productivity. Medical help is important if the condition lasts for two weeks or when the pain is accompanied by unintentional weight loss or loss of appetite. Seek help if you have trouble swallowing that gets progressively worse or when you have fatigue or weakness, which may indicate anemia.
Treatment for Dyspepsia
Lifestyle changes may help ease dyspepsia. Treatment for dyspepsia may involve avoiding food triggers and other causes of the condition. Maintaining a healthy weight may also help. Excess pounds put pressure on your abdomen, pushing up your stomach and causing acid to back up into your esophagus.
Lifestyle and Home Treatment for Dyspepsia
- Exercising regularly. Exercise helps you keep off extra weight and promotes better digestion.
- Managing stress. Create a calm environment at mealtime. Engage in relaxation techniques, such as deep breathing, meditation, or yoga. Spend time doing things you enjoy. Get plenty of sleep.
- Changing your medications. You should stop or cut back on pain relievers or other medications that may irritate your stomach lining. If that’s not an option, be sure to take these medications with food.
- Smaller, more frequent meals and avoid triggers. Chew your food slowly and thoroughly. Fatty and spicy foods, processed foods, carbonated beverages, caffeine, alcohol, and smoking can trigger indigestion.
Acid Reducers to Treat Symptoms of Dyspepsia
Acid reducers are Histamine- 2 blockers that work by reducing the acids in the stomach. It can treat conditions like Gastro-esophageal reflux disease. Acid reducers can also treat dyspepsia and other conditions that cause the acid in the stomach to flow into the esophagus. You can have: