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Common Colds and Flu

Common Colds and Flu

December 28, 2021

Common colds and flu are viral infections in the upper respiratory tract. A cold can be caused by more than 200 viruses but the typical cause is rhinoviruses. Common colds and flu can spread by person-to-person contact. It also spreads through respiratory droplets when sneezing or coughing in the air or through infected surfaces.

What are the Symptoms of Common Cold and Flu?

Common Colds and Flu
  • Sinus pressure
  • Congestion
  • Stuffy nose
  • Runny nose
  • Loss of sense of smell and taste
  • Watery nasal secretion
  • Sneezing
  • Postnasal drip
  • Drainage in the back of your throat

Head Symptoms includes:

  • Headache
  • Watery eyes
  • Sore throat
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Cough

Whole-body symptoms of common cold and flu are:

  • General tiredness
  • Fatigue
  • Body aches
  • Chills
  • Low-grade fever
  • Chest discomfort
  • Trouble in breathing

These symptoms may last for 7 to 10 days depending on the severity of the condition. Nonetheless, if symptoms worsen for a week or two, seek medical help right away.

What is the Difference between Cold and Flu?

Common cold and flu seem similar at first as they are both respiratory illnesses. Flu symptoms are more adverse than cold symptoms. Colds rarely cause additional health problems but flu can lead to several complications. Flu viruses may lead to ear infections and sinus, pneumonia, and sepsis.

What are the Risk Factors of Common Cold and Flu?

  1. Age. Viral infections are typical in children or those who spend more time in a child care setting.
  2. Weakened immune system. Viral infection can affect your immune system. Ensure to eat healthy foods.
  3. Season or climate. Cold weather can increase your risk of having viral infections.
  4. Exposure to an infected person. Viruses can spread from person to person.

How to Diagnose Common Cold and Flu?

Diagnosing the common cold does not need to have a constant trip to the doctor. Recognizing the symptoms is enough to determine your diagnosis. Nonetheless, when symptoms last for 10 days, seek medical help from the nearest healthcare facilities.

If your doctor diagnoses you with colds and flu, ensure to isolate yourself and finish the treatment period. Another diagnostic method includes a swab test and nasal aspirate.

Common Colds and Flu
Symptoms of amoebic Dysentery

What is the Treatment for Common Cold and Flu?

Your doctor will recommend antiviral drugs for the common cold and flu. Avoid going outside or staying in crowded places if you have a cold and flu to prevent spreading the infection. Other remedies include:

How to Prevent Common Colds and Flu?

  • Drink plenty of water
  • Eat healthy foods to strengthen your immune system
  • Avoid going to crowded places
  • Maintain proper ventilation and sanitation
  • Disinfect your place from time to time

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