Causes of Cartilage Damage
Cartilage is a connective tissue found in many parts of the body. It is a tough and flexible material but, it is relatively easy to damage. Cartilage acts as a cushion between the bones of joints. People with cartilage damage commonly experience joint pain, stiffness, and inflammation.
Symptoms of Cartilage Damage
- The affected area swells and becomes warm
- Pain, tenderness, and soreness of the affected area
- Range limitation as the damage progresses
- The affected limb will not move so freely and easily.
- Severe cases may also cause break off or locking of joints
The Three Types of Cartilage
- Elastic cartilage. The most springy and supple type of cartilage. Elastic cartilage makes up the outside of the ears and some of the nose.
- Fibrocartilage. The toughest type of cartilage, able to withstand heavyweights. You can find it between the discs of your spine and your vertebrae, as well as between the bones of your hips and pelvis.
- Hyaline cartilage. It is springy, tough, and elastic. This can be found between the ribs, around the windpipe, and between the joints.
The Causes of Cartilage Damage
- Direct blow. A joint’s cartilage may be damaged if it receives a heavy impact, such as during a bad fall or an automobile accident. Sportspeople have a higher risk of suffering from articular damage, especially those involved in high-impact sports.
- Wear and tear. A joint that experiences a long period of stress can become damaged. People who are obese are more likely to suffer knee damage than people of normal weight. Inflammation, breakdown, and eventual loss of cartilage in the joints are known as osteoarthritis.
- Lack of movement. The joints need to move regularly to remain healthy. Long periods of inactivity or immobility increase the risk of damage to the cartilage.
- Direct injury. This can be from a severe car accident or even a very bad fall where the joint makes a direct impact on the ground. Sports injuries can also lead to cartilage loss if you are an athlete.
How to Diagnose a Cartilage Damage?
Your doctor may rule out a physical examination and assess the symptoms. Doctors may also recommend magnetic resonance imaging to create detailed images of the body. Although useful, an MRI cannot always detect cartilage damage. Arthroscopy is another diagnostic method. It uses a tube-like instrument to examine and repair joints. This procedure can help determine the extent of cartilage damage.
Treatment of Cartilage Damage
Surgery is recommended if the typical treatment does not work. There are several surgical options, depending on several factors, which include the age and activity level of the patient. Medical providers may also recommend physical therapy to manage the condition. People with weak joints and bones can use Super Joints Natural Product. It is an oral drug that protects against cartilage deterioration.